The top Photo is before in-stream wood placement work began in May 2017 & bottom photo is after in November 2017. Not only is there a seasonal transformation occurring (spring to autumn), but the creek is being transformed or restored with the addition of large 37 to 41′ long & 24-36″ diameter logs. These log structures provide roughness & complexity in the channel that create more suitable habitat for salmon & trout. Large wood slows down high winter flows, sorts & traps gravels for spawning fish swimming upstream (their eggs are buried in the gravels & are called redds), collects other woody debris & fine sediment, creates deeper, cooler scour pools (for fish to rest in the winter & escape the heat in the summer), and over time, helps aggrade or raise the stream bed to reconnect the stream with its floodplain. In total, 50 pieces of large wood were placed with an excavator at seven sites along 0.5 miles of reach. This project occurred along Scott Creek, a tributary of Hamilton Creek, in the South Santiam Watershed, and specifically restores spawning & rearing habitat for Winter Steelhead trout.